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Are You A Public Employee or Employer?

Are you a Public Employee covered under SERB’s jurisdiction? 

Any person employed by a public employer listed below may be considered a public employee and fall under SERB’s jurisdiction. However, there are several exceptions listed in the statute regarding public employees and collective bargaining eligibility. Ohio Revised Code Section 4117.01(C) spells out the list of exceptions.  

What is a Public Employer? 

SERB’s jurisdiction may cover all public employers and their employees that are included in the list below. Ohio Revised Code Section 4117.01(B) provides the definition of a “Public Employer” for further clarity.  

Government Entities 

  • State of Ohio. 
  • Cities (population greater than 5,000). 
  • Counties. 
  • Townships (population greater than 5,000). 

Public Schools 

  • School Districts (City, Local, Exempted Village). 
  • Boards of Developmental Disabilities. 
  • Joint Vocational Schools & Career Centers. 
  • Educational Service Centers (ESCs). 


  • Community Colleges. 
  • State Colleges. 
  • State Universities. 

Special Districts 

  • Metropolitan Housing Authorities. 
  • Transit Authorities. 
  • Port Authorities. 
  • Regional Fire Districts. 
  • Metro Housing Authorities. 
  • Other Special Districts.

Are you employed by a public employer and a member of a union or do you want to seek representation? 

If you fall under SERB’s jurisdiction please contact us via the number below with any questions.  

State Employment Relations Board 

Phone: (614) 644-8573 

Public Employee not in a Union? 

Public employees who are not in a union may fall under the jurisdiction of the State Personnel Board of Review.  

This board handles employment related matters pertaining to exempt employees in the classified civil service, non-exempt employees in the classified service who have not organized, and to non-exempt employees who’s collective bargaining agreement allows an appeal to the Board.  

The State Personnel Board of Review generally has jurisdiction over the following types of appeals: 

Disciplinary Appeals including: 

  • Removal. 
  • Suspension. 
  • Reduction in pay or position. 
  • Fines. 

Non-Disciplinary Appeals including:  

  • Reclassification.  
  • Layoff. 
  • Abolishment. 
  • Non-Disciplinary Reduction. 
  • Involuntary Disability Separation. 
  • Transfer. 
  • Resignation. 

Investigatory Appeals including: 

  • Whistleblower. 
  • OSHA. 
  • Abuse of Power. 

State Personnel Board of Review 

Phone: (614) 466-7046 

Don’t See your Employer? 

If you are not a public employee, there are several other agencies that may be able to assist you.  

United States Department of Labor - Wage and Hour Division

For questions about wages, tips, work hours, overtime, breaks, vacation pay, or the Family Medical Leave Act. 

Columbus(614) 469-5678 
Cincinnati (513) 684-2908 
Cleveland (216) 357-5400 

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) 

The NLRB is an independent federal agency enforcing the National Labor Relations Act, which guarantees the right of most private sector employees to organize, to engage in group efforts to improve their wages and working conditions, to determine whether to have unions as their bargaining representative, to engage in collective bargaining, and to refrain from any of these activities. It acts to prevent and remedy unfair labor practices committed by private sector employers and unions.

Cincinnati (513) 684-3686  
Cleveland (216) 522-3715  

Ohio Department of Commerce > Industrial Compliance > Bureau of Wage and Hour Administration

Administers and enforces Ohio’s Minimum Wage Laws, Ohio’s Minor Labor Law, and Ohio’s Prevailing Wage Law. 

Columbus (614) 644-2239  

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 

If you believe you’ve been discriminated against because of race, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, national origin or sexual orientation. 

Main (800) 669-4000  

U.S. Department of Labor > Occupational Safety and Health Administration 

Work-related safety and health questions. 

Main (800) 321-6742
Cincinnati (513) 841-4132
Cleveland (216) 447-4194
Columbus (800) 321-6742 
Toledo (419) 259-7542

Get in Touch 

State Employment Relations Board (SERB) 
65 East State Street, Suite 1200 
Columbus, OH 43215 
(614) 644-8573